DSM-5 Personality Disorders

This chart arranges personality disorder symptoms according to the new DSM-5 (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, American Psychiatric Association, 2013). See also List of Mental Disorders.

Personality Disorder:

Five Main Psychopathology Domains (corresponding to the Big Five Personality Traits)

Negative Emotionality

Detachment

Psychoticism

Aggressiveness

Disinhibition

Borderline

Emotional Lability
Emotions that are easily aroused, intense, and/or out of proportion

Anxiousness
Intense feelings of nervousness or panic

Separation insecurity
Fears of rejection by, and/or separation from, significant others

Depressivity
Frequent feelings of being down, miserable, and/or hopeless
Hostility
Anger or irritability in response to minor slights and insults.
Impulsivity
Acting on a momentary basis without a plan or consideration of outcomes

Risk taking
Engagement in dangerous, risky, and potentially self-damaging activities

Obsessive-Compulsive

Perseveration
Persistence at tasks long after the behavior has ceased to be effective
Rigid perfectionism
Rigid insistence on everything being flawless, perfect, without errors or faults

Avoidant

Anxiousness
Intense feelings of nervousness or panic
Withdrawal
Avoidance of social contacts and activity

Intimacy avoidance
Avoidance of close or romantic relationships

Anhedonia
Lack of enjoyment from life's experiences

Schizotypal

Restricted affectivity
Little reaction to emotionally arousing situations

Withdrawal
Avoidance of social contacts and activity

Suspiciousness
Doubts about loyalty and fidelity of others
Eccentricity
Odd, unusual, or bizarre behavior or appearance

Cognitive/perceptual dysregulation
Vague, circumstantial, or over-elaborate speech

Unusual beliefs and experiences
Unusual experiences of reality.

Antisocial

Manipulativeness
Use of seduction or charm to achieve one's ends.

Deceitfulness
Dishonesty and fraudulence

Callousness
Lack of concern for feelings or problems of others

Hostility
Anger or irritability in response to minor slights and insults
Irresponsibility
Lack of respect for agreements and promises.

Impulsivity
Acting on a momentary basis without a plan or consideration of outcomes

Risk taking
Engagement in dangerous, risky, and potentially self-damaging activities

Narcissistic

Grandiosity
Feelings of entitlement; self-centeredness; belief that one is better than others

Attention seeking
Excessive attempts to attract and be the focus of the attention of others

Personality Disorder Trait Specified

Any trait or combination of traits at a pathological level that does not fall into one of the above categories.

Note: Paranoid, Schizoid, Histrionic,
and Dependent personality disorders, all of which were categorized separately in the DSM-IV,
now fall under 'Personality Disorder Trait Specified' in the DSM-5.


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